RELP 1/2014

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Issue 1/2014

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Rafael Leal-Arcas
Renewable Energy Law and Policy Review 1/2014: pp. 1-2 [Editorial]
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When deploying certain generation technologies in particular settings, renewables appear already to have achieved grid parity. Confirmation of this comes from Texas, of all places. Austin Energy, the municipal electric utility for the City of Austin, signed a 25-year power purchase agreement for 150MWof solar power at less than $0.05/kWh. Of PPAs in the US for renewable energy, this is the lowest cost per kilowatt hour ever achieved. Analysts have assessed the SunEdison bid, and it will turn a small profit; more importantly, it was selected due to the fact that it was the lowest, competitive bid. SunEdison’s main competitors were other solar projects; this bid was substantially below new natural gas, coal, and nuclear bids.

Rafael Leal-Arcas and Andrew Filis
Legal Aspects of the Promotion of Renewable Energy within the EU and in Relation to the EU’s Obligation in the WTO
Renewable Energy Law and Policy Review 1/2014: pp. 3-25 [Article]
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I. Introduction The principal aim of this paper is to present the issue of renewable energy policy development at the European Union (EU) level against the backdrop of EU law and, more importantly, against the backdrop of the EU’s obligations owed to third-party states and organizations, and the international community at large. Both energy and the EU, albeit for different reasons inherent to them, are complex affairs.

Thomas Brunn and Roman Sprenger
The Reform of the Renewable Energy Sources Act (Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz/EEG) 2014 in Germany
Renewable Energy Law and Policy Review 1/2014: pp. 26-39 [Article]
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I. Introduction Last year Germany, alongwith China, theUSA, Brazil and Canada, was again one of the five leading countries as regards installed capacity to generate electricity from renewable energy sources.1 The share of renewable energy sources in the gross electricity consumption has increased in Germany from 3.4% in 1990 to 25.4% in 2013.

Thomas Cottier
Renewable Energy and WTO Law: More Policy Space or Enhanced Disciplines?
Renewable Energy Law and Policy Review 1/2014: pp. 40-51 [Article]
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I. Introduction The shift to renewable energy is of key importance to decarbonisation of economies and to achieving effective results addressing global warming and rapid climate change. Enhanced recourse in the production of electricity – the main driver and engine of modern life – to solar,wind and tidal energy, complementing hydropower, is essential if informally defined goals to keep the increase of average global temperatures below 2 degrees Celsius in this Century are to be realised.

Dr. Dörte Fouquet and Angela Guarrata
Judgment of 1st July 2014 in Ålands Vindkraft AB v Energimyndigheten
Renewable Energy Law and Policy Review 1/2014: pp. 52-59 [Article]
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Comments on Case C-573/12

I. Introduction Within only a very short period of time the ECJ found in two different cases that limiting national renewable energy support schemes to renewable energy producers on national territory constitutes a restriction on the freemovement of goods.

Geert van Calster
Climate Change and Renewable Energy as a Super Trump for EU Trade Law
Renewable Energy Law and Policy Review 1/2014: pp. 60-66 [Article]
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However all Essent clear

Essent, Joined Cases C-204/12 to C-208/12,1 in conjunction with Case C-573/12 Ålands Vindkraft,2 completes the promotion of climate change governance as a super trump in the application of European Union trade law. The cycle arguably started with Outokompu Oy,3 followed by PreussenElektra.4 In contrast with Ålands Vindkraft, however, judgment in Essent does clearly instruct the referring judge to review outstanding issues. These focus in particular on the openmarket aspects of the regional scheme at issue.Moreover, the Court of Justice has not unequivocally held on key aspects of the general application of exceptions to free movement issues.

Nil Atmaca and Ilaria Lojodice
The Impact of Support Schemes on RES Installations and Retail Electricity Prices
Renewable Energy Law and Policy Review 1/2014: pp. 67-78 [Article]
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Integrating RES technologies into electricitymarkets required supportmechanisms fromthe EU Member States to encourage investors. The impact of support mechanisms on RES installations and retail electricity prices are tackled through our wide range research. Decreasing the costs covered both by consumers and investors is important to expand RES –E developments. To this end, this paper recommends that the design process of RES support schemes should be thoroughly in line with evaluation criteria, such as technology specific approach, cost efficiency and market integration.

Dr. Gerrit Volk
Germany: Biogas Injection Into the Gas Supply Network in the Federal Republic of Germany
Renewable Energy Law and Policy Review 1/2014: pp. 79-84 [Report]
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I. Introduction Biogas is produced primarily through the fermentation of biogenic substrates. The substrates used in this process comemainly fromenergy plants such as maize, as well as from slurry and bio waste. The biogas produced consists of a maximum of 60 % methane.

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ISSN 16 19-52 72

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